360 Degree Panoramic Picture Museum in Istanbul

360 Degree Panoramic Picture Museum in Istanbul

Exactly 555 years after the conquest as a soldier in Sultan Mehmed II's army, an independent observer or a foreign tourist you will witness the conquest of Istanbul in person and experience the moment of the entrance to the city just as it was in the past. You will be able to touch cannon balls casted by Hungarian artillery expert Urban and witness their explosion before they approach the waters of Constantinople. You will listen to the unified call of thousands of troops of Sultan Mehmed II and listen to Mehter March and may be you will also join them, You will hear clicking of the hooves of galloping horses, clanking sound of sabres of fighting troops and feel the arrows passing just under your ear.

An open air museum named ISTANBUL 1453 Panoramic Museum with characteristics with no equals in the world.

14 years ago this place was Trakya bus station in Topkapi and now it is a place of location of Topkapi City Park. On the left side there are ramparts in Edirnekapi, on the opposite there are ramparts of Topkapi Palace namely the gate of Constantinople the first Ottoman troops entered and on the right side there are Silivrikapi ramparts. This is the place where you will eye-witness how Mehmet II received the title of "Fatih" (Conqueror) and where you will live through the conquest of Istanbul.

Imagine a 360 degree picture with the area of 3000 m2 with no frame i.e. without borders. The main feature of the picture is its 3D effect. To get the effect of three dimension a spectator must look at the picture from the platform at the distance of 14 m 650 m2 area of the picture has a three dimensional appearance with imitations of cannonballs, artillery carts and powder kegs used during surrounding. 2350 m2 two dimensional area of the picture starts right after the three dimensional part of the image. The work depicts the scene in details. It starts from fine one to one illustration of people with all the specifics and diminishes towards the horizon. Number of characters depicted in the work is about 10 thousand.

At present there are about 30 panoramic museums in the world. Panoramic museums are generally created to illustrate the historical events. The most significant ones are Panorama of the battle of Waterloo. Panorama of the Crimean War between Russian and Ottoman Empire, Panorama of Borodino Battle, Plevne Panorama and Mesdag Panorama. Most of these panoramas were created using oils painting technique of 1800’s on the sites where the events occurred. Some museums are assembled horizontally and others vertically and are half panoramic.

The feature that makes ISTANBUL 1453 Panoramic Museum different from existing 30 panoramic museums is that it is completely panoramic in all ways, i.e. horizontally and vertically. The term of complete panorama means that the image is panoramic in all ways. The sky is depicted as a dome with no segmentations and is finishing the upper part of the picture. The picture has no frame or borders at all. No matter if an image with a frame or borders gives the feeling of deepness and effect of three dimensions. Just seeing its frame or borders will make you understand at what distance the picture is from you. In the work at ISTANBUL 1453 Panoramic Museum there is no a starting or finishing point of the pictures and a person with his/her optical habits will not be able to comprehend the real dimension of the picture. When a spectator gets on the platform for the first 10 seconds /he will be shocked. This condition is caused by absence of references helping understand the actuality and dimension of the image and inability to find starting and finishing points. This place gives the feeling of being in three dimensional outdoors while you are still in an enclosed place.

I8 artists carried out intensive work on the project that was started by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality in 2004. The idea belongs to Hasim Vatandas, an artist and animation director, who is also coordinating given project The museum, where Ramazan Erkut. Yaşar Zeynalov, Oksana Legka, Ahmet Kaya, Hasan H. Dinçer, Atilla Tunca and Murat Efe are occupied, serves as an evidence of what the Turkish artists are capable of when the opportunity is given to them.

It appears that this type of lasting cultural works befitting Istanbul that were started by Miniaturk and followed by Istanbul Museum of Modern Arts and ISTANBUL 1453 Panoramic Museum will continue with more acceleration.

Advancement that contributed to the announcement of Istanbul as a European Capital of Culture 2010 along with Essen (Germany) and Pecs (Hungary) will facilitate the city in gaining numerous consistent benefits in cultural and social terms. We wish that this process v/ill continue with the "Museum of Musical Instruments" with analogues in a few countries of the world.


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